Advanced Surgery and Medicine

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Biological Banking and Advanced Medical Treatment

 

Biological banking refers to the storing of biological samples for use in research. Scientists and researchers have identified biological banking as the key to the body’s infrastructure development. It stores human biological material for research purposes, orthopaedic surgery, or other medical processes, with correct associated information about the material which has to be used. It has become the most important resource in the medical research field. Millions of specimens worldwide are stored with important information about them, in numerous Bio Banks round the world. These banks have nearly every kind of specimen associated to the human, such as their tissues, organs, cells of all kind, and blood. The hope is to help in treatment of many severe diseases which could harm and kill individuals. Many people who were once struggling to live, are now breathing because of Biological Banking.

Researchers need those specimens to do some research on them, or to analyze, conduct a test, or to do an experiment. And for that, a Bio Bank’s stored specimens help. They keep them in a good condition, and when someone needs it, they receive it in a very methodical and strict manner. These specimens also help researchers and doctors to find a strong cure for harsh diseases. People have already found valuable insights from biology: for example, by building on epidemiological models for the spread of infectious disease to show how to reduce the threat of contagion in the biological and medicals system. Samples are essential for molecular research aimed at characterizing diseases at several levels, ranging from epidemiology and diagnostic and prognostic classification, to prediction of response to therapy. Many different protocols are being used worldwide for these fluid collections.

When building a Bio Bank for future research, it is preferable that as many sample types as possible from an individual are collected and stored. For blood, the minimum suggested is a serum and a plasma sample. Although venous blood is most commonly used, if indicated and approved, arterial blood sampling can be included. For example, during surgery one can obtain arterial and venous blood, such as from afferent and efferent blood vessels of a tumor.

The Bio Bank equipment includes a high-speed, multi-color cell sorter; laser capture micro dissection; and technologies for analysis of tens of thousand of genes and proteins in minutes.

Cord Blood:

Cord blood comes from a newborn’s umbilical cord and is collected immediately after birth. Once the umbilical cord has been clamped and cut, the remaining blood in the umbilical cord is drawn into a collection bag. This blood contains powerful stem cells that have been used to regenerate healthy blood and immune systems in more than 30,000 transplants worldwide. Doctors are using cord blood to save lives today and researching cord blood as potential treatment for diseases that currently have no cure.

Cord blood has been used to treat many life-threatening diseases including leukemia,  metabolic disorders, immune diseases, numerous cancers, and blood disorders.

Cord blood stem cells are biologically younger, and are more flexible, compared to adult stem cells from other sources, like bone marrow. When saved, they have unique qualities and advantages:

  • Less risk of complications when used in transplants
  • Ability to use one’s own stem cells for conditions that currently lack medical treatment options.
  • Immediately available and can minimize disease progression in early treatment
  • Preserving them “stops the clock” and protects the cells from aging and being exposed to environmental factors and common viruses that can decrease their function

Cord tissue is baby’s umbilical cord, which contains mesenchymal stem cells. These cells are very unique and they help to do several cellular therapies successfully. They have the power to heal the spinal cord, cartilage injuries and brain. Cord blood and cord tissue may help repair the body in different ways.

 

The Future of Advanced Surgery and Medicine

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Stem cells are found throughout the body, but in larger numbers in the blood system. Stress on the body can cause even more stem cells to circulate in the blood, and birth is a very stressful event for a newborn.

Human specimens allow researchers to study the molecular characteristics of diseases and then compare those patterns with their known progression. The patterns can be used to develop screening tests for “biomarkers” to identify patients at risk; group patients to determine treatment; recognize and validate drug targets; identify disease mechanisms; and lead to personalized treatment. A biomarker is a gene or set of genes that researchers use to measure the progress of disease or the effects of treatment.

There are several severe and harsh life-threatening diseases that are now cured by the use of cord blood and its tissues. For example; Leukemia is a very severe cancer of blood immune system, bone marrow disorders, Myelodysplastic syndromes are pre-leukemia, and Lymphoma is a cancer of the leukocytes that circulate in the blood and lymph vessels. These harsh diseases are cured by cord blood and tissues. Once these diseases were killing large groups of people, and a large number of people died every year due to these diseases. However, now these ailments have a cure. Many people are now living because of cord blood and tissues which was stored and prevented by Bio Banks. Many other disorders of blood are recovered, metabolic disorders are cured, and tumors are treated.

As we all know now, cord blood and tissue stem cells play an important role in medical research. So it’s future is definite that it will have success, as through the passage of time, researchers and doctors will be able to find more cures to severe diseases, which would help save lives of people struggling to death.

The future of cord blood and tissue stem cells is a healthy one, with lots and lots of benefits, increasing as the researchers are working it out through many days and nights of observation. This research is vital if we, as a human people, wish to stand the test of time, and provide a safe, secure future for our future generations. The medical field has reached new horizons, beneficial for both the present and the future. Whether you are an obstetrician in Russia, or an orthopaedic surgeon in the virgin islands, this medical field is of the utmost importance.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stem_cell_therapy

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